The chronic urticaria is a skin condition, its origin may be autoimmune and the body has antibodies able to create histamine. If it is released outside the blood vessels, it becomes responsible for burning, itching and the annoying hives that appear on the skin caused by hives.
Although this could not be the only one responsible for the symptoms, since in the autoimmune system there are other elements that also cause these symptoms.
Causes of chronic urticaria
It is very common for the origin of chronic urticaria to be autoimmune, since excess production or overproduction of histamine can be detected, however there are many cases where the origin of this disease is unknown.
However, chronic urticaria is usually associated with certain diseases such as:
· Thyroid diseases.
· Autoimmune thyroid diseases.
· The rheumatoid arthritis.
· The Sjögren 's syndrome.
· Insulin dependent diabetes.
· Hepatitis A.
· Hepatitis B.
· Hepatitis caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.
· Parasites and fungi.
· Pernicious anemia.
· In infants it is usually associated with respiratory infections.
Factors that can aggravate the problem
There are also factors that are capable of causing or aggravating chronic urticaria, such as:
· Overexposure to the sun.
· Being under a lot of stress.
· Being exposed to too much heat.
· Being exposed to too cold.
· Contact of materials such as latex with the skin.
· Rubbing or scratching the skin.
· Non-steroid anti-inflammatories.
· The antibiotics.
· The hormones.
Some of the symptoms of chronic urticaria
The appearance of hives all over the body (the first symptom that indicates that you should go to the doctor), the inflammation of specific parts of the body such as lips and eyelids, the strongest symptom may be the inflammation of the tongue causing the inability to breathe due to It is important to know how to identify when this swelling begins, in order to get to the doctor on time.
In general, if the urticaria disappears the same day, if it persists or one of the aforementioned symptoms appears, it is time to go to a doctor so that he can evaluate the situation and perform the relevant tests. There are people who require skin biopsies, but such cases are very rare.
Is there a solution?
Currently there are "partial" solutions for chronic urticaria, since in theory it is not solved as such, only the symptoms are appeased.
The symptoms of chronic urticaria tend to reappear in a period of up to 5 years and usually the symptoms tend to prevail much longer than the last time.
In general, the treatment of chronic urticaria must be designed for each patient, since everyone has different needs. However, as the first instance, antihistamines are prescribed to patients with the necessary medical control, since depending on how the body reacts, it will be decided whether or not the dose is increased. If the dose is increased and the body still does not react, the doctor will begin to consider the idea of using corticosteroids in low doses and for a certain time.
And if the body still does not react in the expected way, stronger drugs will be used.
It is important to take precautions in daily life, since these treatments usually last many months. It is important to avoid at all costs the factors that make the urticaria more intense, if necessary, a diet should be followed where foods that the doctor considers worsen the situation are avoided. Other opinions say that antihistamines are applied without sedatives at the H1 level and the reaction of the organism is observed, then if the response is very low, antihistamines with sedatives are applied at night.
In any case, it is always important with diseases to seek a second professional opinion and leave the treatments in the hands of the experts, trust them and clarify all our doubts or discomfort, they will be the first allies if you present this type of discomfort, it is always It is advisable to work with the doctor to improve as quickly as possible.
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